What did we already know?

Map of the area

Map of the area


The Neolithic period (ca. 3900 - 1700 BC) is the best described prehistoric period in the area around Rødby and Rødbyhavn. However, today the only visible remnant from the period is a megalithic tomb called Hyldehøj to the east of Rødby. Originally, the area had far more burial mounds, but these are no longer visible to the naked eye. Traces from antiquity's farmers have gradually disappeared in step with industrialisation and the streamlining of agriculture, but fortunately, they are not completely gone. From the mid-1800s, the National Museum of Denmark's experts travelled extensively throughout Denmark's districts, gathering reports from local people about ancient finds along with information about visible and already levelled ancient monuments. The journeys resulted in a very comprehensive source material, which now helps illustrate what Denmark would have looked like in ancient times. The texts from the district journeys indicate that along the coastline east of Rødbyhavn, there were at least eight dolmens and megalithic tombs from the Neolithic period, and more than 25 smaller burial mounds, which unfortunately remain undated.


In a map from 1848, a single dolmen has been marked to the west of Rødby on the island of Lang in the now reclaimed Rødby Fjord. From the Rødby Fjord area, several individual finds of flint tools indicate that Stone Age farmers lived here along the fjord. This was confirmed by an archaeological excavation carried out by the then Lolland-Falster Diocese Museum in 1971, where traces of a settlement from the Neolithic period were found one km east of Lidsø.


In the area to the east of Rødby, only a few individual flint tools have previously been registered. This changed, however, when during the preliminary phase of the archaeological start-up phase, Museum Lolland-Falster mapped the archaeological finds from the area. Here, local farmers were contacted, and some were visited. A number of them contributed interesting information about flint tools that had been found during work in the fields, sometimes through several generations. A particularly large amount of sharpened flint axes were found, but finds also included other tools, including a couple of fine flint daggers.


Unfortunately, it is impossible to tell whether the tools stem from graves, hoards or settlements, but they indicate that hidden in the ground there are probably traces left from Stone Age farmers' activities. It is very likely that the finds stem from settlements belonging to those who built and used the burial mounds along the coast.