Wood in vast amounts

Archaeologists uncovering wood

The wood is uncovered and cleaned before being photographed and registered.


Because of the good preservation conditions for organic material, a great deal of wood has been preserved. This is a rarity at archaeological excavations, and it presents an excellent opportunity for finding out more about how Stone Age people used and worked wood.


Preserved wood

The preservation conditions are so brilliant that you can see clear chopping traces from the working of the wood.


Many sharpened stakes and poles have been found. These have often been driven 50 cm down into the subsoil clay, and they may have served many different functions. For instance, the majority of the stakes would probably have been a part of a fishing facility. The upright stakes probably kept fishing mats in place, like the one that has also been found at the excavation site. The mats could be dismantled and moved, but the vertical poles remained.


Wooden stakes driven into the clay

In many places across the excavation site, the archaeologists find stakes that have been driven deep into the subsoil clay.


Stone Age people's preferred hunting weapon was the bow. A fragment of a bow has been found in the excavation. An arrow shaft has also been found with preserved stringing and nock. The nock is the notch in the arrow shaft, against which the string of the bow is held. Remnants of tar were found, which would have been used to keep the feather fletchings in place. Remains of the cord used for attaching the feathers were also preserved.


Wood with traces of compression stress

Much of the wood that appears bears clear traces of the compression stress from the soil that has pressed down on it through millennia.


The wood is 6000 years old, but it looks new. It has the same colour as fresh wood, but it is soft, and if it is not kept in water, it will dry out.