Strandholm - RGS 90
The field by Strandholm with the wind farm
and Syltholm in the background
Since August 2013, archaeologists from Museum Lolland-Falster
have been conducting an archaeological preliminary investigation in
a field near Strandholm, approx. 1.5 km east of Rødbyhavn. The
preliminary study is being carried out ahead of a comprehensive
construction work, where RGS90 is to have a new soil processing
The archaeological preliminary investigation has been conducted
in a quite traditional manner, i.e. with long, straight trial
trenches. However, quite a lot of worked flint has previously been
gathered in the field, several ploughed-down burial mounds have
been registered, and there are even lamentable remains of a
destroyed and ploughed-down long barrow. As none of the mounds are
visible anymore, the locality now has the immediate appearance of a
quite flat and ordinary cultivated field. However, by closer
inspection it is still possible to detect vague elevation
differences in the terrain, which helps give the impression of the
more varied landscape of the past. The Strandholm locality is
located on a headland that is only slightly higher than and roughly
in parallel to the coastline of the 1800s.
In connection with the preliminary investigation, several
interesting objects have turned up. The Neolithic Age in particular
is represented by a large number of burials or pits with flint
tools and pottery fragments, as well as postholes that could be
remains from Neolithic farmers' wooden houses. Several of the
pottery fragments that have been found in the pits are quite
delicately ornamented/decorated. The way in which pottery is
decorated is very specific to the different periods, which is why
we can say so far that a lot of the activity on this site took
place around 3400 BC and later.
Pottery find from the Neolithic Age (the
funnel beaker culture)
Traces have also been found that may be remnants of burials.
Some of these may stem from the Neolithic Age, while others may
prove to be much later, possibly from the Iron Age. In connection
with several of the graves it seems that different activities and
rituals have taken place on this site in subsequent periods.
One example is that numerous so-called cooking pits (fireplaces
dug in the ground and filled with heated stones) have been built
right next to and around the graves. This applies not only to those
graves that would probably have been covered by small mounds, but
also to the natural elevation in the landscape where the long
barrow was found. Exactly what role the cooking pits played is not
known yet, but it is quite likely that they would have served a
religious or cultic purpose.
Trial trench full of cooking
Even after the graves had been built and the dead had been laid
to rest, this specific area with its numerous graves - but maybe
also due to its position in relation to the coast - seemingly held
great significance for the people who lived and worked in the
One of the possible graves
The surrounding areas are immensely interesting in this context.
Here, the ongoing investigations ahead of the construction of the
permanent Fehmarn link show, among other things, that the Stone Age
coastline east of Rødbyhavn (Syltholm) was a centre for extensive
activities through several millennia. Among the finds are
remarkably well-preserved fishing grounds, which must reflect quite
well-organised Stone Age communities' exploitation of the rich
coastal resources. We already know by now that there are several
overlaps in dating from Strandholm and Syltholm, and the distance
between the two areas is so small that the same people must have
been active in both areas.
One of the very interesting perspectives for the museum's
archaeological investigations will, no doubt, be to look at both
the differences and the possible connections between the two areas.
Strandholm a little inland, and Syltholm by the coast.